• Monday - Friday
    9:00 - 18:00
  • Saturday - Sunday
    10:00 - 14:00
sexual health clinic logo
  • Monday - Friday
    9:00 - 18:00
  • Saturday - Sunday
    10:00 - 14:00
Everything You Need To Know About HPV?
Everything You Need To Know About HPV?

Everything You Need To Know About HPV?

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection that affects millions of people worldwide. It is important to understand HPV and its implications to promote prevention, early detection, and effective treatment. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of HPV, including its definition, transmission, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and its link to cancer.


  • HPV is a common sexually transmitted infection that can cause genital warts and cancer.
  • HPV can spread due to skin-to-skin contact at the time of sexual activity.
  • Symptoms of HPV are abnormal Pap test results, genital warts, and cancer.
  • It is possible to diagnose HPV with HPV or Pap test.
  • There are more than 100 kinds of HPV, with some of them leading to serious health concerns.

What should you know about HPV?

HPV is a kind of viral infection which occurs from human papillomavirus. It can spread due sexual contact such as anal, oral or vaginal sex. There are over 100 different HPV types and some of them can cause genital warts while others may cause different types of cancer. HPV can affect your skin and mucous membranes of the body, particularly the genital area.

What are different types of HPV?

HPV can be categorised into high-risk and low-risk strains. Though low-risk strains are non-cancerous growths and responsible for causing genital warts. high-risk strains, on the other hand, can cause different types of cancer, including anal, cervical, penile, oropharyngeal, vaginal and vulvar cancer. Make sure you are aware about different types of HPV causing cancer to prioritise prevention and early detection.

What are the symptoms of HPV?

Though some people might suffer from the symptoms such as unusual cell changes into the cervix or genital warts, many different HPV cases seem to be asymptomatic. Genital warts typically look like clusters or smaller abnormal bumps in your genital area which can be slightly-dark or flesh-coloured.

In the case of women, abnormal cell changes in the cervix may be detected through routine Pap smears. Individuals will still be able to pass on this virus to others even if there aren’t any noticeable symptoms.

How can HPV spread from one person to the other?

HPV can spread through anal, vaginal or oral sex. It may be transmitted from close skin-to-skin contact with an infected person. The virus can be the genital area without showing any visible signs or symptoms. Risk factors for spreading HPV include engaging in unsafe sex, having more than one sex partner, starting sexual activity at a young age and having a weakened immune system.

How can HPV be diagnosed?

It is possible to diagnose HPV with different screening methods. For women, a routine Pap smears will help to identify unusual cell changes in the cervix, denoting the presence of HPV. In addition, HPV DNA typing tests can be done to find out particular

HPV strains. It is important to know that sexually active individuals need to perform regular check-ups and screenings to find out the possibility of HPV and its complications at an early stage.

How can you treat HPV?

There isn’t any cure for HPV but the treatment options depend on the symptoms and complications it might cause. You can treat genital warts with different methods such as cryotherapy (freezing), surgical removal or topical medications. Abnormal cell changes in the cervix need to be monitored closely or treated with colposcopy or loop electrosurgical excision procedure.

Early detection and proper treatment are necessary to prevent further progression of HPV-related complications.

Can you prevent HPV?

Prevention is the key for HPV. Practice safe sex with your partner by using condoms in the right way to lessen the risk of further transmission. As HPV may infect areas which aren’t covered with condoms, using them is not a total guarantee. The most effective method to prevent  HPV is through vaccination. Vaccines are available which protect you against common high-risk strains of cancer causing HPV. Vaccination is recommended for the males and the females before they are sexually active.

What is the link between HPV and cancer?

HPV infection can result in developing different kinds of cancer. Constant infection with high-risk HPV strains may lead to changes in the cervix cells, which progresses to cervical cancer when not treated on time. HPV is related to anal, oropharyngeal, penile, vaginal and vulvar cancers. Routine cancer screenings like HPV DNA and Pap smear tests, are necessary in detecting early signs of HPV- related cancers and improving the treatment results.

How common is HPV?

HPV is very common, with millions of new cases reported every year. It has been estimated that nearly 80% of sexually active individuals will come into contact with HPV at some point of time in their lives. The prevalence of HPV will depend on certain factors such as age, sexual behaviour, and geographical location. Most HPV cases resolve on their own without causing any complications for a long term.

Who is at risk of getting HPV?

Though anyone who is sexually active can contract HPV, certain groups of people are at greater risk. These include individuals who have more than one sexual partner, who like to engage in unsafe sex, who have weak immune systems, and who begin sexual activities at a younger age. Proper awareness and education related to HPV and its transmission are crucial in lessening the risk of further infection.

Is it possible for men to get HPV?

Yes, men may get HPV and though most HPV-related health problems happen in women, men are also at risk of passing on the virus and developing complications like genital warts or cancer. Men should be aware about the risk and consider getting vaccinated against HPV to protect themselves as well as their sex partners.

Can HPV be passed on during oral sex?

Yes, HPV may be transmitted during oral sex. Oral HPV infections can be the reason for developing oropharyngeal cancer, which affects the base of the tongue, the tonsils and the back of the throat. Engaging in safe sex practices like using condoms or dental dams at the time of oral sex, can lessen the risk of transmission.

What should you know about the HPV vaccine?

The HPV vaccine is a safe and an effective method of preventing HPV infection and its complications. Both males and females should have this vaccine before they are sexually active. This vaccine will protect against the most common high-risk HPV strains causing cancer and low-risk strains leading to genital warts. Vaccination is a crucial tool in lessening the prevalence of HPV and its health concerns.

Is HPV dangerous?

Though many people with HPV won’t suffer from any health problems, some types of this virus can be the reason for serious health concerns like cancer. Getting vaccinated and screened regularly is necessary to lessen the risk of developing these complications. Knowing about HPV is necessary for early detection, prevention and proper treatment. HPV is a common sexually transmitted infection which can lead to various complications, including genital warts and cancer. It may spread through sexual contact and affect both men and women. Routine check-ups, proper screenings, safe sex practices, and necessary vaccination are the ultimate key in the prevention of HPV infection and its health problems.

Recent Post
Where You Can Get Tested for Hepatitis C?

Hepatitis C is a viral illness that damages the li...

What is Usually the First Sign Of HIV?

Early HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) symptoms ...

Is It Normal for Vaginal Odour to Change with a STD?

Vaginal fishy odour accompanied with a white, yell...

Are there any asymptomatic STDs?

Globally, sexually transmitted infections (STDs) p...

How do different STDs affect your vaginal discharge?

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a global ...

Can You Get Chlamydia in Your Mouth?

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI...

Everything You Need To Know About HPV?

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually tr...

HIV Testing: Types, Frequency, Expectations and Results Explained

Undergoing an HIV test can determine if you have t...

Syphilis Unveiled: CDC Comprehensive Fact Sheet

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease or STD ...

How Sexuality Changes with Old Age and What to Do for It

Sexual senescence is about natural changes in the ...

Take Care of Your Sexual Health: 12 Benefits to Know

Sexual health has a vital role in improving your o...

Gonorrhoea: Know the Symptoms in Men and Women

Do you know gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted in...

STDs: Surprising Ways to Catch them without Sex

Sexually transmitted diseases or STDs can pass or ...

What is the Relation between STDs and HIV Coinfection?

You must be aware that your unhealthy lifestyle an...

Signs When You Need Private Hepatitis-C Testing for Women

Nowadays, there are various viral infections world...

Syphilis in Women: Know the Signs and Symptoms

Syphilis is among the most common sexually transmi...

Testing and Treatment for Syphilis in Women

Syphilis is a common STI which is spread via sexua...

Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Men and Women

This blog post discusses about how to recognise co...

The Importance of having STI Testing on A Routine Basis

Are you aware that one in five people will get a s...

The Key Ways to Recognise Chlamydia Symptoms in Men

Chlamydia Trachomatis, a bacterial organism, cause...

Herpes Simplex – Myths and Facts

Herpes is a common STI caused by the herpes simple...

Why are HIV and STD Tests Important?

HIV and STD tests are important, and they have sev...

12 Preventable Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

You need to understand the workings of infectious ...

Testing for STIs is Important for Improved Sexual Health

Every sexually active person needs to be screened ...

How do you know if you have HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)?

Understanding some early signs and symptoms of HIV...

Gonorrhoea: Causes and Risk Factors

Gonorrhoea is one of the most common STD (sexually...

Why Everyone Should Know About Asymptomatic STDs

This is a silent killer! Sexually transmitted dise...

Same-Day STD Test - What to Expect and How to Prepare

Same-day STD testing is vital because it helps peo...

Treatment for Different STDs (Sexually Transmitted Disease)

If detected on time, you can manage and easily tre...

How Long until Chlamydia is Detected

Chlamydia is one of the infections transmitted to ...

6 Suitable Ways to Stay Protected from Sexually Transmitted Diseases

If you have a sexually transmitted disease, it is ...

Common Misconceptions about Sexually Transmitted Infections

If you have had sexually transmitted infection, it...

Different Types of STIs to Test and Stay Protected

If you have any sexually transmitted infections, i...

Find Us

Call Now Book a Consultation