Do you know gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused from bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae? This kind of infection occurs in the penis, external genitals, internal genitals, anus, eye and vagina. The bacteria may be there in the bodily fluids such as – pre-ejaculate, anal fluids, semen and vaginal fluids. It is possible to treat gonorrhea by taking necessary antibiotics according to the suggestion of your doctor.
Gonorrhoea may affect other body parts which include – eyes, rectum and throat. The rectal and throat areas usually do not show any symptoms. You might experience anal discharge or discomfort. Gonorrhoea may be the reason for conjunctivitis when your eyes become infected.
Your doctor may collect a swab sample from your cervix, urethra or vagina. A swab of your eyes, rectum or throat can be arranged. You need to give your urine sample for conducting some tests. It is advisable that you do not urinate two hours before your Gonorrhoea urine test.
Men provide a urine sample at the time of gonorrhoea. The doctor takes your discharge sample from penis end for testing. The swab sample is taken from your eyes, throat or rectum when you are worried about this STI infection.
You can contract or spread gonorrhea by having anal, oral or vaginal sex. Use a condom or other barrier method at the time of engaging in sexual activities. This may go a long way for reducing the chances of contracting or transmitting STIs like gonorrhoea. These barrier methods will not eliminate your risk completely, particularly if you do not use them properly. Oral gonorrhoea may spread through kissing with tongue but if you had this disease earlier, there are higher chances of contracting it again. Untreated gonorrhoea may increase the risk of getting other STIs. Gonorrhea can be transmitted from birthing parent to baby at the time of delivery.
When women do not treat gonorrhoea, the infection might spread to the reproductive organs leading to a condition known as Pelvic Inflammatory Disease or PID. This can cause infertility problems, blocked fallopian tubes, ectopic pregnancies and pelvic pain for a long time.
Untreated gonorrhoea in men may cause painful infection in the testicles and decreased fertility. There are cases when this STI may be the reason for inflammation and pain of your skin lesions, tendons and joints. The more time you get the infection with Gonorrhoea, the more likely you will have possible complications. In the case you have been treated with this STI earlier, it won’t make you immune and you may get re-infected again.
The provider takes your urine for detecting whether you have gonorrhea. But if you have had anal or oral sex, then the provider use swabs for collecting the samples from your rectum or throat. There are cases when a healthcare provider may use a swab for collecting the sample from the urethra or cervix.
If you have gonorrhoea and are pregnant, then you may pass on the infection to your baby at the time of delivery. This can be the reason for serious health concerns for your baby. In the case you have already conceived, talk to your healthcare provider about thorough examination, necessary testing and proper treatment. Treating gonorrhoea quickly will make less health concerns for your baby.
Yes, the right treatment can help in curing gonorrhea. It is important on your part to take all the medicine given by your healthcare provider for treating the infection. Make sure you do not share your medicine for gonorrhea with others. Though the medicine can prevent the spread of this infection, it won’t undo permanent damage caused by this ailment. You need to consult with your healthcare provider when the symptoms continue for more than a few days after getting the treatment.
You need to wait seven days after taking all medicines before intercourse. Both you and your partner need not enjoy sex till you have each completed treatment and your symptoms are gone completely. This can prevent you and your sex partner from giving or getting gonorrhea again. Those who have gonorrhea need to test in three months after the treatment of initial infection, even when their partners have undergone the treatment successfully.
If you have had gonorrhea and took medicine earlier, then you may get it again. This happens when you have intercourse without a condom with a person who already has this infection.
Untreated gonorrhea may cause major complications which include:
If you remain sexually active and are at higher risk for gonorrhea, then you need to consider regular STI testing. Unlike different STIs which include Gonorrhoea without any symptoms, you can get the infection and pass it on to others without even knowing about it. Untreated gonorrhea can lead to possible complications that are possible to avoid with routine testing and quick treatment.
Thus, you need to test for gonorrhoea immediately when you suspect you have contracted this sexually transmitted infection. With barrier measures for sexual activities, conducting STI testing and discussing about STIs with your partner, you can take necessary precautions to catching or avoid spreading gonorrhoea.